When talking about infertility, many people around the world still think it"s a “woman"s problem." Over the past couple of years it is always women who have been the focus of discussion around infertility. But, what many people don"t know is the fact that over half the cases of infertility are caused by men. How can a man suffer infertility? Well, it can be caused by many things. In this case, it"s related to sperm count. But, first things first: what is infertility?
Infertility is the inability to conceive after at least one year of unprotected intercourse. Since most people are able to conceive within this time, physicians recommend that couples unable to do so be assessed for fertility problems. In men, hormone disorders, illness, reproductive anatomy trauma, and low sperm count can be the cause of infertility.
So, if you are having trouble conceiving, then a sperm count test is likely to be on top of your list. Yes. I understand it can be embarrassing to you. But the sooner you discover about your fertility, the sooner you can start treatment and having successful pregnancy with your wife. A little visit to a urologist should start the evaluation with a basic interview and examination. Many urologist have different approach to this case, and besides sperm count test, there are some other tests they will do to you in order to determine your exact condition. Here is the list:
Sperm count test.Basically, a sperm count test measures the amount of sperm in one unit volume of semen. Normally, there are 20 million to 150 million of sperm in one unit of semen. A urologist will try to estimate the amount of your sperm count, examine the shape of your sperm, how they move, their pH balance, and many other things. Generally, higher number of your sperm count means the higher of your chance to become fertile.
Anti-sperm Antibodies.Antibodies are some proteins that are found in blood or other bodily fluids, and are used by the immune system to identify and neutralize some foreign objects, such as bacteria and viruses. So, they are like “soldiers" that protect the territory of our body from invaders. However, some men have an abnormal antibodies. Instead of guarding the territory, these ‘soldiers" are attacking their own friends, including sperm. These antibodies blocking the sperm on the way to the egg, preventing fertilization. In this case, making the sperm is not the problem, but how to get them to go where they need to go is the problem.
Hormone evaluation.Testosterone, just like many other hormones, are made in the brain. It controls sexual functioning in your body. This includes enhanced libido, increased energy, and the production of red blood cells, which is also important to your fertility.
Physical examination.Physical examination is a process to investigates your body for signs of disease. This includes taking medical history. A complete physical examination also includes the evaluation of your general appearance and specific organ systems, such as sex organs.
So, those are some of the tests you have to know and there are others. You should learn more about them in order to help you detect the cause of your infertility. But don"t be discourages, there is also a simple way you can do to increase your fertility.